Sydney Opera House
Sydney Opera House from the harbour. Photograph courtesy of Andrew Watt.
Sydney Opera House must be one of the most recognisable images of the modern world - up there with the Eiffel Tower and the Empire State Building - and one of the most photographed.
Not only is it recognisable, it has come to represent 'Australia'.
Although only having been open since 1973, it is as representative of Australia as the pyramids are of Egypt and the Colosseum of Rome.
The Opera House is situated on Bennelong Point, which reaches out into the harbour. The skyline of the Sydney Harbour Bridge, the blue water of the harbour and the Sydney Opera House, viewed from a ferry or from the air, is dramatic and unforgettable.
Ironic, perhaps, that this Australian icon - the Opera House with a roof evocative of a ship at full sail - was designed by renowned Danish architect - Jorn Utzon (1918–2008).
In the late 1950s the New South Wales (NSW) Government established an appeal fund to finance the construction of the Sydney Opera House, and conducted a competition for its design.
Utzon's design was chosen. The irony was that his design was, arguably, beyond the capabilities of engineering of the time. Utzon spent a couple of years reworking the design and it was 1961 before he had solved the problem of how to build the distinguishing feature - the 'sails' of the roof.
The venture experienced cost blow-outs and there were occasions when the NSW Government was tempted to call a halt. In 1966 the situation - with arguments about cost and the interior design, and the Government withholding progress payments - reached crisis point and Jorn Utzon resigned from the project. The building was eventually completed by others in 1973. After more than 30 years, the Sydney Opera House has its first interior designed by Utzon. The Utzon Room, a transformed reception hall that brings to life Jorn Utzon's original vision for his masterpiece, was officially opened on September 16 2004.
The Sydney Opera House was included in the National Heritage List in 2005, and inscribed on the World Heritage List in 2007.
Sydney Opera House facts and figures
The Sydney Opera house:
- Was designed by Danish architect Jorn Utzon
- Was opened by Queen Elizabeth II on 20 October 1973
- Presented, as its first performance, The Australian Opera's production of War and Peace by Prokofiev
- Cost $AU 102,000,000 to build
- Conducts 3000 events each year
- Provides guided tours to 200,000 people each year
- Has an annual audience of 2 million for its performances
- Includes 1000 rooms
- Is 185 metres long and 120 metres wide
- Has 2194 pre-cast concrete sections as its roof
- Has roof sections weighing up to 15 tons
- Has roof sections held together by 350 km of tensioned steel cable
- Has over 1 million tiles on the roof
- Uses 6225 square metres of glass and 645 kilometres of electric cable
Sydney Opera House shadowed by the Harbour Bridge. Photograph courtesy of Andrew Watts.
Sydney Opera House photos and information
- Sydney Opera House - official website
- A virtual concert at the Sydney Opera House
- Sydney Opera House - City of Sydney
- Photo gallery, Sydney Opera House
- Send a Sydney Opera House e-card to a friend
- Get married at the Opera House
- Sydney Opera House, New South Wales - National Heritage, Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities
The architect: Jorn Utzon
- Geraldine O'Brien, House rules - Sydney Morning Herald
- Jorn Utzon - Great Buildings Online
- A tribute to Jørn Utzon - Sydney Opera House
- The Utzon Centre
- Utzon - Winner of the 2003 Pritzker Architecture Prize
- The Edge of the Possible - a film about Jorn Utzon and the Sydney Opera House directed by Daryl Dellora
- ArchMedia - architecture on the Internet
- National Trusts of Australia
- A brief history of the Sydney Opera House - State Records Authority of New South Wales, Archives In Brief 28
- Sydney Opera House - Great Buildings Online
Last updated: 17th March 2008